Gwalior State Forces
Gwalior is one of the largest and most important of the Indian States. Situated in Central India, it has a population of three and a half million and covers twenty-six thousand square miles. The Maharaja of Gwalior maintains more Indian State Forces than almost any other prince and they are organised into a cavalry brigade, consisting of three regiments of lancers, a battery of horse artillery and a transport corps, and an infantry brigade of four infantry battalions and a mountain battery. In addition there is an infantry training battalion and half a company of sappers. Our picture shows a captain of the mountain battery, in full dress, standing in front of Gwalior Fort.
Hyderabad State Forces
His Exalted highness the Nizam of Hyderabad is the ruler of the premier Indian state, which has a population of over fourteen million, and covers 83,000 square miles in southern India. He maintains three regiments of lancers organised as a cavalry brigade and, in addition, three infantry battalions, a horse artillery battery and a treansport section. His forces number nearly five thousand in all. A regiment of Hyderabad Lancers served with the Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade on the Suez Canal and in Palestine during the Great War. The officer shown here in full dress uniform in oujr picture is the commander of the cavalry brigade; the Char Minar, Hyderabad, appears in the background.
Indore State Forces
Our picture shows in full dress, a major of the 1st Battalion Maharaja Holkar’s Infantry. This corps with Holkar’s mounted Escort (a bodyguard unit of one squadron) and a transport corps of ponies, mules and carts make up the Maharaja of Indore’s forces. The transport corps rendered noble service in the Great War in France, Macedonia, Egypt and Gallipoli, being present at the Suvla landing, while the mounted escort served in Iraq. Indore is a large state in central India covering more than nine thousand square miles and having a population of 1,300,000. The background shows the Drayao Mahal Palace, Indore.
Jaipur State Forces
Jaipur is one of the larger states of Rajputana, having an area of fifteen thousand square miles and a population of more than two and a half million. The Maharaja of Jaipur maintains a regiment of lancers, three battalions of infantry and a transport corps. The last named is the only one of these units which dates back to before the Great War. It saw service on the North West Frontier in 1895-97 and in the Great War was continuously employed throughout the Mesopotamia Campaign. The officer shown in full dress in our picture is a captain of the headquarters staff of the Jaipur State Forces. The background portrays the residency Gate, Jaipur.
Jodhpur State Forces
The Jodhpur State forces consist of one regiment of lancers, an infantry battalion and a transport corps. The officer shown in full dress in our picture belongs to the Sardar Infantry battalion. The Jodhpur Lancers proceeded to France with the first units of the Indian cavalry at the very outset of the Great War and fought with distinction alongside them throughout operations both in France and Palestine. Jodhpur, the home of the Rathore Rajputs, is the largest state of Rajputana, covering 35,000 square miles and having a population of over two million. The city itself has an up to date aerodrome which has become an important point in the air route across Northern India. The Fort, Jodhpur, is shown in the background.
Kashmir State Forces
The Maharaja of Kashmir maintains a larger number of state forces than any other ruler of an Indian state. These forces are organised into the Jammu and Kashmir brigades, the latter of which is commanded by the officer shown in our picture, in full dress. They comprise one bodyguard cavalry regiment, two mountain batteries, seven active and one training battalions of infantry and a transport unit consisting of both pack and mechanised transport. Several of these units served with distinction on the North West Frontier of India and overseas during the Great War. Jammu and Kashmir lie to the north of the Punjab and cover nearly 85,000 square miles. The population exceeds 3,500,000. A view of Srinagar appears in the background.
Mysore State Forces
The state forces maintained by the Maharaja of Mysore consist of one regiment of lancers, one squadron of Mysore Horse and three infantry battalions, only one of which however is a complete active unit. Both of the mounted units were raised from the ruins of the army of Tippoo Sultan after the fall of Seringapatam. The Mysore lancers, to which the officer shown in full dress in our picture belongs, served on the Suez Canal and in Palestine with the Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade throughout the Great War. Mysore is one of the two largest states in Southern India, having an area of 30,000 square miles and a population of 6,500,000. The background shows the Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade Memorial, New Delhi.
Nawangar State Forces
Nawanagar is one of the two largest Kathiawar States in Western India. It covers an area of four thousand square miles and has a population of 400,000. The Maharaja Jam Sahib of Nawanagar maintains as his state forces a regiment of lancers, consisting of two squadrons and a company of infantry. Both of these units are composed almost entirely of Rajputs, to which race he himself belongs. The officer shown in full dress in our picture is a member of the headquarters staff of the state forces. The present ruler is a nephew of his predecessor, who was better known in this country as the great cricketer “Ranji”. The background shows the Pratab Vilas Palace, Jamnagar.
The Tehri-Garhwal State Forces
The Tehri-Garhwal State Froces, of which our picture shows the Commandant, consists of half a company of sappers and miners, two platoons of pioneers and two platoons of infantry. The last two units are of a recent creation, but the sappers and miners did good work during the Great War in France and Iraq. Tehri-Garhwal is a Hindu state of 350,000 inhabitants covering over four thousand square miles in the foothills of the Himalayas to the north of the United Provinces. The Garhwalis, who inhabit the british Indian district of Garhwal as well as the state of Tehri-Garhwal, earned a reputation second to none in the Great War.
Udaipur (Mewar) State Forces
The officer shown in full dress in the picture belongs to the Mewar Bhopal Infantry. The Udaipur (Mewar) State Forces consist of one squadron of lancers and two battalions of infantry. The Maharaja of Udaipur rules over some thirteen thousand square miles of Rajputana with a population of more than a million and a half, mostly Rajputs. Udaipur itself is a place of great beauty and historical interest and is one of the chief centres of attraction for visitors to Northern India. The Tower of Victory, Chitorgarh, appears in the background.