In these days of budget cut backs and squeezed spending in the heritage sector, it is always nice to go to a good military museum. If that museum is free to walk around, has a fantastic temporary exhibition and is on your doorstep then all the better! I am very fortunate that a few miles from where I live is Bankfield Museum in Halifax, home of the Duke of Wellington’s Regimental Museum and currently hosting an award winning temporary exhibition on the Great War.
The Duke of Wellington’s museum has been here for many years, but has been refreshed and updated many times. It covers the history of the Regiment from its earliest days until it was absorbed into the Yorkshire Regiment in recent years. Display cases show uniforms, weapons, equipment and items related to Regimental history with a small number of tableaus to add to the mix. This is really well done with loads of information and lots to look at (Imperial War Museum take note- we want to actually look at objects not play with a touch screen!). Among the highlights are the Duke of Wellington’s boots (yes the original wellington boot) and a reconstructed WW1 dugout. From the Second World War onwards, you can pick up a little speaker and hear veterans stories from those who served with the regiment at the various battles.
The top floor is playing host to a wonderful exhibition on World War One, sadly this is only a temporary exhibit and will only be available to view until 2018. There is a good selection of objects, the M08 machine gun and pre-war Duke of Wellington’s uniforms being amongst my favourites, and a lot of information on how the war affected people in the local area. There is a research room and some fun dressing up clothes for the younger visitors, but the emphasis is very much on the objects and stories from the local area. Some of the uniforms in the main display case are reproduction, unavoidable with originals being over 100 years old now, but this doesn’t detract from the power of the display and the repro items are clearly flagged up to avoid confusion.
I cannot recommend these exhibitions too highly, with the current squeeze on culture these sort of initiatives need all the support they can get so please go along and enjoy the museum if you possibly can- the more we use these facilities the less likely they are to be closed down. As an aside if you are also a fan of the Old West, there is a second temporary exhibition on this open until about April.
For more information about visiting please look here.
It is always nice to be able to add another book to the reference shelf and Military Mode publishing can normally be relied upon to produce something rather special. The latest addition to the bookcase is Daniel Fisher and Oliver Lock’s book British Airborne Headdress. This is a lavishly produced book covering the berets, helmets and other sundry headgear worn by the Parachute Regiment and other airborne units such as Glider troops and units attached to airborne divisions. The book starts with a detailed look at the famous red beret and there is a nice run down of its history and plenty of photos of different examples form the last seventy years. These are mainly taken from the collections of the Airborne Museum and museums in Normandy and Arnhem so there is a focus on wartime examples, but post war examples are also illustrated, albeit in far smaller numbers. Of particular interest are a number of relic beret fragments dug up in archaeological digs at Arnhem which show how the berets were modified by troops at the time.
The second main area of the book is on specialist helmets used by airborne forces. Many examples are shown, all beautifully illustrated and covering many subtle variations:Again the focus is on the Second World War, where much of the early development was undertaken- the basic design then remaining unchanged until the late 1970s. The book does cover later developments, and there are some interesting examples of helmets modified by Paras for service in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The book ends with a brief look at other headdress worn by airborne troops- pith helmets, FS caps, jungle hats and cold weather gear. Again the thing one is struck by is how much effort is put into modifying these to give them a unique ‘airborne’ identity.This book is a tour-de-force by the authors and the subject is unlikely to be covered in such detail again. It must be remembered however that this is a very specialist book, more so I would argue than the Denison book we looked at earlier in the year. I must confess I am not a huge expert on airborne troops and their equipment and some of the subtleties described were rather lost on me. Nevertheless it is an excellent addition to the pantheon of British militaria books and if airborne kit is your thing I heartily recommend it. For the more lay reader I would suggest thumbing through a copy and deciding if it really appeals before splashing out your cash; like all Military Mode books it is not cheap, however as ever for the quality of production and content I feel it is money well spent.
Copies of the book can be bought here.
I suspect that I, like many others, was only aware of the role of the Mechanised Transport Corps in World War two from the character of Sam Stewart in the popular TV series Foyle’s War; therefore it was with great interest that I started reading Jon Mills book Within the Island Fortress No4 The Mechanised Transport Corps. This book is not a thick book, being just 32 pages long in a slim A4 sized paperback, published in 2008 as part of a small series of books dealing with more obscure parts of the Home Front.Whilst it is not a long book, the quality is excellent and the book is profusely illustrated with both period photographs and modern stills of original uniforms and insignia:The story laid out is actually quite a complex one with shifting roles for the corps and numerous spats with the War office over the MTC’s status and uniform which was felt to be too similar to that of an ATS officer. That Jon Mills makes this readable and more importantly understandable is to his great credit. There were several offshoots of the organisation and these are also covered, again with illustrations of their unique insignia. I am frankly astounded that the author has even found original examples of some of these badges and uniforms as the numbers issued sometimes barely reached double figures. Whilst not every photograph is captioned, the accompanying text made it easy to work out what was going on in those photographs without labels.
As well as their service in the UK, members of the MTC drove ambulances for the French before the German Invasion, and then for the Free French. They were then involved in driving ambulances for the South African Army and the Corps provided drivers for a wide range of civilian and ministry cars. They were only reluctantly acknowledged by the War office, but the Ministry of Supply and the Royal Ordnance Factories all took advantages of their services. Each of these allocations tended to produce another unique set of cloth sleeve insignia and these are covered comprehensively in the book:The author has a reputation for greatly expanding our knowledge of the civilian services during the Second World War and this book is a superb addition to the historiography of the period. I acknowledge that this is a niche subject, but like all Jon Mill’s books it is well written and worth picking up a copy if you can find one as you are guaranteed to learn something new. Sadly this book, and indeed the rest of the series, appears to have been out of print for a number of years but copies are available second hand and for the serious student of the Home Front are well worth acquiring.
There are a number of excellent reference books on British Army uniforms and insignia, indeed many are listed in the sources page of this site and recently a couple of useful books on Royal navy insignia have been published. By comparison the RAF has been rather neglected and thus far the only reference book specialising in RAF insignia is ‘RAF Uniforms and Badges’ by Malcolm Hobart. This is an older book, originally published in 2000 but republished in 2013 by Pen and Sword and I have only just purchased a copy of it. The book itself is a slim paperback, with just 144 pages and sets out to cover the RAF uniform from 1918 to the present day and the accompanying badges worn on it.
I will be honest from the start and say I had serious reservations about this book; it is flawed and incomplete at best. Personally I find any book on badges and uniforms really needs to be profusely illustrated to be effective- text cannot convey colour or design easily and especially when it comes to uniforms a picture really does say a thousand words. It is surprising then that there is not one picture of any item of uniform in the whole book, descriptions being given instead. The badges themselves are illustrated with nice clear photographs, but in a perfunctory manner with only about 40% of the badges described being illustrated. The picture captions do not always easily match up with the relevant text either and the dotting of illustrations lacks any unifying feature. A few full page spreads with insignia grouped together to show comparative sizes and designs might have been a better approach here.
I am not much of an expert of Royal Air Force Insignia, but it would appear that many of the different trade badges are missed from this book and when it was republished in 2013 no updates were made to the text so anything after the turn of the century is ignored. It was also obvious to me, even as a layman, that individual squadron badges, such as those worn on flight suits, are missing as well. This is perhaps a more logical omission as the sheer number would be hard to assess, but perhaps there should have been some mention of them.
Sadly then this is a book with many flaws, and I would only say purchase it in lieu of anything else. Whilst there is nothing wrong with the content, it never manages to deliver with gaps, lack of illustrations and poor layout detracting from what might have been a very useful volume. What is clear however is that a new book covering this interesting and complicated topic is desperately needed- something profusely illustrated if possible!
Published back in 2012, John Mills book ‘Doing Their Bit, Home Front Lapel Badges 1939-1945’, has been a volume I have been meaning to add to my reference collection for a while. I have now bought myself a copy and settled down for an enjoyable few hours of reading. The book is sold on the basis of having more than 600 wartime lapel badges photographed and displayed within it. This however does the book a disservice as there is far more to it than just pictures of badges.The book is divided up into chapters dealing with different aspects of life on the Home Front, with detailed descriptions of a myriad of local and nationally organised bodies. What really comes across is how dense and all encroaching the level of different war related services was. Besides the obvious ARP, fire and emergency services there are bodies involved in knitting comforts, collecting salvage, protecting animals, organising entertainment and many more. Most of these bodies issued lapel badges in lieu of uniform and many are illustrated in this bookThe photographs are well produced and the detail is excellent, relevant paper ephemera is include to accompany the badges and I have learnt much from this volume. The book is not without its faults however, there is a section on one of the major badge producers Fatorrini of Birmingham, but I would have liked a little more context on the badges themselves, perhaps something on the manufacturing process, how they were designed etc. This section seemed the most abrupt, however this might just be down to a lack of surviving evidence to allow the story to be told.The badges themselves are each labelled with an easy to follow key that relates directly to the text. Whilst 75% of them have been positively identified, a few are still mysteries and I was pleased that the author included them, even if he had to note that it was unclear who had originally issued them An essential feature of any reference book is a good index, and this one is well designed, making it easy to find an individual badge or type of badge. The book is produced on glossy paper with a feeling of being a quality reference book and consequently the book comes in with a hefty price tag of £45. This must be put in context however- this is a specialist book with high production values and deals are available on Amazon here and other sites that bring the price down to under £30 with careful shopping.
I cannot hesitate to recommend this book to all with an interest in either collecting lapel badges or a more general interest in the minutiae of the British Home Front in World War II.
I must confess that the clothing and equipment of the elite regiments has never really appealed to me; I have always been more interested in what the majority of ordinary troops experienced and wore. I am not sure why I have this prejudice, possible years of seeing very old and overweight paratroopers at re-enactment events has coloured my judgement…Therefore I have very little knowledge of what is undoubtedly an interesting facet of British military history and I came to Brian Wilson’s excellent work Denison as something of a novice.Although the book is advertised on Amazon as ‘Denison’ its sub title better conveys the scope of the work: ‘British Airborne Specialist Clothing from WWII to the Present Day’. Whilst the majority of the work does cover the Denison Smock, there is plenty of other pieces of specialist clothing covered in exquisite detail. The Denison Smock is such an iconic piece of clothing that it makes sense to use this as the title of the book, but be aware of the greater scope covering prototype clothing, oversuits for jumping and parachutists trousers amongst others.The book is published by Military Mode Publishing, and in common with their other military history books from this publisher the production values are high. The book is lavishly illustrated throughout, with clear period and modern photographs presented on high quality gloss pages. As mush of the text refers to colour variations in the early camouflage material the clear colour reproduction is especially welcome. The text that accompanies them is well written and very detailed and the author has made a point of using post-war collectors terms to refer to the garments themselves.Not having much knowledge of the subject, I occasionally struggled to see all the subtle variations between garments referred to in the text, but I have no doubt that the author is correct! Happily this book does not end in 1945 but also covers the post war period from 1959 pattern smocks to modern MTP examples, all with the same detail as the more well-known wartime examples. I would have liked a few more captions to some of the period photographs, as although they were being used to illustrate types of uniform they were interesting in their own right and context would have been nice. This however is a very minor point and I can thoroughly recommend this book not only to the airborne enthusiast but also to the more generalist collector as you will learn a lot! I can’t say I am going to rush out to collect Parachute Regiment militaria, but I feel better equipped to recognise any pieces that come my way and if I come across a cheap DPM smock I will be happy knowing what I am looking at! I will definitely look into getting the two accompanying volumes on airborne headgear and insignia now.The book is available from Amazon and Military Mode Publishing here for £39.99.