Category Archives: Webbing

Olive Green S10 Respirator Haversack

Tonight we are looking at another respirator haversack, that fits in between the olive green butyl nylon example here, and the DPM example here. This respirator haversack was developed as part of the olive green PLCE webbing set, and is made of the same fabric as the rest of the components we have been looking at over the last few weeks:imageThe haversack is made from a plain green Cordua nylon, with a large box lid, secured with Velcro and a press stud:imageThe underside of this lid has two elasticated straps for stowing the user’s NBC gloves. This example has just a single marking under the lid, with the words ‘MADE IN UK’ printed here:imageThe inside of the haversack has a front pocket for carrying nerve agent pens, nerve tablets etc. Two other pockets are fitted in the base of the bag to hold spare canisters:imageHere we see the rear of the haversack. As well as a belt loop at the top, we can see another smaller loop to allow a steadying strap to be passed around the waist to hold the haversack steady so it doesn’t flap around when slung over the shoulder if the wearer needs to run:imageNext to this is a green patch for the owner to put his personal details (although in this case the original user has ignored this and just written his name across the back in black marker!

One major area of difference between this haversack and later examples can be found under the belt loop flap:imageThe ‘T-tabs’ used to attach it to the PLCE belt are made of metal, rather than the plastic which can be seen on the DPM version.

My thanks go to Michael Fletcher for helping me add this interesting variant to my collection.

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Olive Green PLCE Bayonet Frog

Continuing our ongoing look at the green PLCE set tonight we look at the bayonet frog. The later camouflaged frog has been covered here, but there are some obvious changes to the methods of attachment between the two designs beyond just their colour:imageThe SA80 was issued with a cast metal bayonet that had a plastic scabbard. This scabbard had a female Fastex clip at the top and this fastened to the male half on the bayonet frog to prevent the scabbard coming loose:imageThe back of the frog is where the most obvious differences between the two patterns lie:imageThese early frogs have two nylon tape loops to pass a belt through and a pair of brass c-hooks to secure the frog into position:imageThese allow a high and low belt position to be chosen by the wearer. Manufacturer’s details, NSN number and other information is printed directly onto the fabric:imageFrom this we can see the frog was made in 1990.

Clearly the fastening arrangements were inadequate as an updated green version of the frog, introduced in 1991, replaced the belt fixings with Velcro, poppers and T-bars. This in turn was replaced by an otherwise identical DPM version just a year later.

As with so much of the olive green PLCE I have been covering over the last few weeks, my thanks go to Michael Fletcher for helping me add this one to my collection.

1888/91 Pattern Slade Wallace Belt

In 1888 the British Army replaced its 1870 pattern Valise equipment with a new design that has been known through history as “Slade Wallace” equipment after its designers Colonel Slade and Major Wallace. As can be expected for a set of leather equipment introduced over 125 years ago it is not easy to find original pieces. The easiest component to find is the belt, many surviving long after the rest of the set had been thrown away due to their smart appearance as parade belts. Last week I was lucky enough to pick up one of these belts:imageI must confess I originally thought that the leather must have been replaced due to the good quality it is still in. The leather is heavy duty and was originally produced in buff, being whitened for parade use. A bit of research has shown that the belt is in fact original, the three buckles at the back of the belt being a good indicator:imageThe design of the buckles dates from a minor modification to the design of the belt in 1891, as illustrated in Pierre Turner’s book on accoutrements:imageThe original design is on the left, the post 1891 modification on the right. By all accounts once the belts were relegated to parade use if the back panel needed to be replaced a plain piece of leather was substituted as the buckles were unnecessary without the rest of the set!

The buckle is made of brass, with the crown of Queen Victoria on the locket:imageThe motto ‘Dieu Et Mon Droit’ means ‘God and My Right’. Originally two chapes were fitted to attach the shoulder straps to, sadly only one is still extent:imageThis belt was originally issued to a Royal Marine, as indicated by the stamps on the back of the belt:imageThe ‘PL’ on his service number indicate he was from the Plymouth depot. The belt also clearly saw service later with the West Riding Territorial Army, as evidenced by their initials on the back of the leather safe:imageIncidentally on long marches the waist belt could be slackened by inserting the locket into the slot on the safe:imageThis belt is a great addition to the collection and they are becoming scarcer. I will display it with my 1913 pattern Home Service tunic which it will complement perfectly.

Olive Green PLCE Yoke

We continue our look at the olive green PLCE equipment this week by considering the yoke. The yoke is one of the two critical components of a set of load bearing equipment (the other being the belt). In order to function properly it needs to be comfortable, support the weight of the items a soldier needs to carry evenly and be robust enough to withstand a lot of punishment (for a yoke that fails on every count readers are directed to the Canadian 64 pattern example!).  imageThe yoke used in the PLCE set draws heavily on earlier designs of British webbing for many of its features. The yoke has six points of contact with the belt/pouches. While two straps at the front attach either side of the waist belt’s buckle, four straps are fitted to the rear:imageTwo of these attach to loops in the belt, whilst the two outermost straps pass forward under the arm pits to attach at the front to the main ammunition pouches, distributing the weight more evenly.

Extensive use of an open weave mesh is used to help reduce the effect of overheating on the wearer:imageThis had first been trialled on combat vests in the 1970s, the PLCE yoke is entirely lined with this mesh on the underside:imageMesh is strong, light and allows air to flow through it. Note also the dark green nylon patch for a place the user’s name and number could be written:imageOther features brought forward from the old sets was the ability to easily change the length of the straps by pulling on them. Here they are adjusted with friction ladder lock style buckles on the ends of the yoke:imageFinally the back of the yoke has a series of loops allowing auxiliary equipment to be attached if required:imageThe PLCE yoke was a sophisticated piece of equipment and clearly thought had been given to feedback from previous sets. As ever though in the hands of the user things did not always go to plan. They needed careful adjustment to get a comfortable fit and soldiers sometimes substituted commercial pattern yokes or 58 pattern examples. It was also not unheard of for the secondary supporting straps to be removed from the yoke so more ammunition pouches could be added to the belt, defeating the whole point of effective weight distribution. Arrse gives the new recruit some advice on setting up a yoke:

Fit the load spreader (‘yoke’) to the rear of the belt and adjust it to the right length. Some people prefer to wear their belt higher than others, but it shouldn’t be supporting your tits, loosen the yoke until the belt is somewhere around your waist. Then lock off the straps by feeding them back and forth through the buckle. Adjust the front straps, but don’t lock them off as some adjustment will always be necessary. Finally adjust the lateral load spreader straps and lock them off as with the rear ones. Taping the straps should not then be necessary, but is always popular

Olive Green PLCE Utility Pouch

Over the last month or so we have looked at a couple of pieces of olive green PLCE webbing. Now thanks to my friend and fellow collector, Michael Fletcher, I now have a complete wearable set of early PLCE:

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As with the Canadian webbing earlier this year, to save overloading you and boring everyone to tears I am going to look at the components piece by piece each week for the next month and a half. I have already covered some of these pieces in their DPM form, but there are considerable design differences between early and later PLCE so we will revisit these components as they are different enough to warrant their own posts- it’s not just the colour that changes!

We kick off tonight with the PLCE utility pouch:imageThe utility pouch is designed as a general purpose pouch that can be used for carrying extra ammunition, or a soldiers personal kit. Maximum flexibility was emphasised in the design, as seen on the rear:imageHere two sets of fabric loops and two brass c hooks give the user a choice of a high or low slung pouch:imageThe top of the pouch has two metal D-rings that allow it to be fitted in place of the ammunition pouches on either side of the belt buckle- the rings being used to attach the yoke to:imageThis was a major upgrade from the old 58 pattern set and gave far more flexibility. The black plastic female Fastex fastener allows the pouch to be attached to the rucksack should you so desire.

These early pouches do not have sewn in stores labels, but rather have the information printed straight onto the fabric:imageAs can be seen this is no longer always very clear, but you can make out the NSN number and the /|\ marking fairly easily.

This early olive green PLCE is still available, but slowly becoming scarcer as it was only produced for a short period of time. As such it is an excellent set for the serious student of British load bearing equipments to start putting together whilst it is still easy to find.

South African 37 Pattern Supporting Straps

My thanks go to my good friend and fellow collector Michael Skriletz for tonight’s post. South African webbing is generally considered to be the poorest quality and scarcest of all the Empire produced 37 pattern sets. I have slowly been building up my collection and can now count a small pack, water bottle holder, single basic pouch and one shoulder brace in my collection. Now I also have a selection of supporting straps for the set:imageThe 37 pattern webbing manual describes the straps as:

These are interchangeable and each consists of a strip of 1-inch webbing, fitted with a buckle at one end and an eyeletted tip at the other.

This description is certainly correct for these straps, but a number of distinctive Sou African features are worth noting. The webbing is made of two thin layers and has distinctive stitch lines running the length of the strap to reinforce it:imageThe buckle is not made of brass, but off a metal I believe is steel, that has now corroded slightly:imageThese were frequently painted gold when new. The eyeletted tip is again made of a metal that easily corrodes, as witnessed by the staining to the webbing:imageA South African acceptance stamp is marked on the straps in a redish-purple ink, consisting of a /|\ mark inside a ‘U’:imageAll of these straps were made by Daniel Issac Fram of Johannesburg, and we can see two distinct styles of manufacturer’s mark on the straps:imageLike all the other items of South African 37 pattern webbing, these are not easy to find and I am very pleased to have added another piece to the puzzle!

Olive Green PLCE Water Bottle Carrier

Following on from our recent post on the olive green PLCE ammunition pouches, tonight we are turning our attention to the water bottle carrier. My thanks go to Michael Fletcher for helping me add this one to my collection and effectively doubling my green PLCE collection! When the PLCE set was introduced it was agreed to continue with the black plastic Osprey water bottle that had been used with the old 58 pattern set, however the new set included a larger pouch to carry it in that made it much easier to remove the bottle than that used on its predecessor:imageThe olive green colour indicates that this is an early production pouch, however as there are no visible markings on the pouch I cannot precisely date it. The pouch is secured on the front with the quick release ‘Spanish’ fastener:imageLike the ammunition pouches, this is supplemented with a Velcro fastener, covered with a noise reduction tab:imageThe inside of the pouch has an internal divider:imageNormally this is tucked away to allow the full size of the pouch to be used for a water bottle, however by using the divider a set of mess tins and a hexamine burner can be carried in the pouch without rattling. The back of the pouch has a confusing array of flaps, loops and hooks:imageAt the top we have a large flap secured with Velcro and lift the dot fasteners alongside a brass ‘C’ hook. The flap is used for attaching the pouch to a belt, whilst the brass hook prevents it from sliding along the length of the belt:imageThis was less than effective, with full pouches coming loose under their own weight (the same problem the Canadian had with their 64 pattern canteen carriers which also relied on Velcro!), to counter this the attachments were replaced with plastic T-bar hooks on later models.

Beneath this is a plastic patch for writing the owner’s name and number:imageAs can be seen, next to this is a small loop used for passing a piece of cord through to tie the pouch to others on the belt set. As usual a drainage hole is also included on the base:imageAs with other pieces of olive green PLCE this pouch was only in production for a relatively small period of time, however they remain common and easily available but with the growing interest in the First Gulf War they will become increasingly collectible as time goes on.